Wars: a chronological listing
By permission of The History Guy
Norman Invasion of England, (1066) -William the Conqueror, Duke
of Normandy and a vassal of the French king, conquered the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of England, and made himself King of England. Resulting from this, the English and French royal families
would fight many bloody wars trying to settle who was supposed to rule what.
William's family acquired lands throughout France and ruled them as Englishmen,
which really upset the French kings. This is a pretty watered-down, basic
description of this rivalry, but these two nations have fought many, many wars,
and William's conquest of England was the starting point for many of the earlier ones.
Anglo-French War, (1109-1113)
Anglo-French War, (1116-1119)
Anglo-French War, (1123-1135)
Anglo-French War, (1159-1189)
Anglo-French War, (1202-1204)
Anglo-French War, (1213-1214)
Anglo-French War, (1242-1243)
Anglo-French War, (1294-1298)
Anglo-French War, (1300-1303)
The Hundred Years' War (1337-1453)-The Hundred Years' War was
actually a series of wars between England and France which lasted 116 years. Most historians break this conflict
into four distinct wars.
Anglo-French War, (1337-1360)
Anglo-French War, (1369-1373)
Anglo-French War, (1412-1420)
Anglo-French War, (1423-1453)
Anglo-French War, (1475)
Anglo-French War, (1488) -Also known as Henry VII's Invasion of Brittany (a region in NW France).
Anglo-French War, (1489-1492) -Also known as Henry VII's Second Invasion of Brittany.
Anglo-French War, (1510-1513)-Also known as the War of the Holy
League, England joined with the Pope, several Italian states, Swiss cantons and
Spain against France. King Henry VIII of England won a favorable peace from France after winning the Battle of the Spurs on August
16, 1513. The rest of the Holy League continued fighting France until the Pope Julius II's death,
which helped cause the dissolution of the League.
Anglo-French War, (1521-1526)-Henry VIII joined the Hapsburg
Empire in a war against France. The war proved unpopular in England and expensive financially, and the King had difficulty raising
money from Parliament. After 1523, England did not participate much in the war.
Anglo-French War, (1542-1546)-Henry VIII again joined the
Hapsburg Empire in a war against France. The English captured the port of Boulogne and the French had to accept that seizure when the peace treaty
was signed. The war cost England two million English pounds.
Anglo-French War, (1549-1550)-French King Henry II declared war
with the intention of retaking Boulogne, which fell to him in 1550. This war was preceded by years of
border combat short of all-out war.
Anglo-French War, (1557-1560)-England's Queen Mary drew her country into war allied to Spain , whose king was her husband. A very unpopular war with the English people. England lost possession of Calais on the French
mainland. When Queen Elizabeth later took the throne, religious and political
differences would make England and Spain bitter enemies.
Anglo-French War, (1589-1593)-England was caught up in the great Protestant-Catholic wars
sweeping Europe. England sided with Protestant Dutch rebels against Catholic Spain and with the Protestant (Huguenot) French against the Catholic
French in the Wars of Religion, a series of French religious civil wars. In
1589, while still fighting Spain after defeating the famous Spanish Armada, Elizabeth sent troops to aid the French Protestants.
Anglo-French War, (1627-1628)-Also known in France as the Third Bearnese Revolt, England came to the aid of Huguenot rebels fighting the French
Anglo-French War, (1666-1667)
Anglo-French War, (1689-1697)-Known in Europe as the War of the
League of Augsburg AND as the War of the Grand Alliance. In North America the
colonial aspect of the conflict was known as King William's War.
Anglo-French War, (1702-1712)-Known in Europe as the War of the
Spanish Succession, in North America as Queen Anne's War and in India as the
First Carnatic War. This conflict also included the
Second Abnaki War. The Abnaki
Indian tribe allied itself with the French against the English colonists in North America.
Anglo-French War, (1744-1748)-Known in Europe as the War of the
Austrian Succession and in North America as King George's War.
Anglo-French War, (1749-1754)-Known in India as the Second Carnatic War. The
British East India Company and its Indian allies battled the French East India
Company and its Indian allies.
Anglo-French War, (1755-1763)-Known in Europe as the Seven Years'
War and in North America as the French and Indian War. France forever lost possession of Quebec/Canada. In many ways, England's victory set the stage for the American Revolution.
Anglo-French War, (1779-1783)-Also
known as the American Revolution. Also
involved Spain, the United States and the Netherlands against Britain. Can also be considered as an
Anglo-French War, an Anglo-Spanish War and an Anglo-Dutch War.
Wars of the French Revolution,
(1792-1802)-The Wars of the French Revolution spanned a decade of great
political, social and military change throughout the European continent. After the outbreak of the French Revolution in 1789, the
conservative, monarchical powers of Europe attempted to extinguish the new French Republic and restore the Bourbon Royal Family. When several nations
combined against France, the alliances were known as "Coalitions". Thus, this
series of wars are known as the Wars of the Coalitions.
Austro-Prussian Invasion of France, (1792)-In support of the
deposed, but still living French King Louis XVI, Austria and Prussia invaded France. French Revolutionary armies defeated the Allies at Valmy and Jemappes and conquered
Austrian-ruled Belgium. France also defeated Austrian forces in northern Italy,
seizing Savoy and Nice. Can also be considered as a
Franco-Austrian War and a Franco-Prussian War.
War of the First Coalition, (1792-1798)-Britain, Austria, Prussia, Spain, Russia, Sardinia and Holland combined to fight Revolutionary France. Can also be considered as a Franco-Austrian War
, a Franco-Prussian War, a Franco-Dutch War , a Franco-Russian War,
Anglo-French War, and a Franco-Sardinian War. Russia left the Coalition in 1794 to deal with troubles in Poland. French victories forced Holland, also known then as the
Batavian Republic, to leave the Coalition in 1795. Prussia and Spain made peace
with France in 1795 and Austria signed the Treaty of Campo-Formio
in 1798, surrendering the Austrian Netherlands (now Belgium) to France.
This war included the battles of Neerwinden,
Mainz, Kaiserlautern (early Allied
victories). Later, as the Revolutionary government organized the populace and
fielded huge "citizen armies" commanded by brilliant young generals
like Napoleon Bonaparte, the French won many battlefield victories.
War of the Second Coalition, (1798-1801)-Britain, Austria, Russia, Portugal, Naples and the Ottoman Empire (Turkey) combined to fight Revolutionary France. Spain later joined France against Portugal. Can also be considered as a Franco-Austrian War
, a Franco-Russian War, a Anglo-French War, a Franco-Turkish War, a
Franco-Neapolitian War , a Franco-Portuguese War and
a Franco-Russian War. This alliance against France formed to counter French
moves in Italy; formation of the Roman, Ligurian,
Cisalpine and Helvetic Republics in Switzerland and
Italy, and the deposition of Papal rule in Rome. Naples was conquered by the
French in early 1799 and declared to be the new Parthenopean Republic. After the Coalition war began, France intervened in an internal revolt in the Swiss Confederation. The
Swiss Revolt of 1798, (1798) ended with the Swiss Confederation dissolved and
the Helvetic Republic in its place. Throughout the rest of the French Revolutionary
and Napoleonic Wars, the Swiss were effectively under French rule with an army
of occupation in place. Napoleon Bonaparte invaded Turkish Egypt and won the Battle of the Pyramids,
continuing his march into what is now Israel and Lebanon. British Admiral Horatio Nelson wiped out the French fleet at
the Battle of the Nile in 1798. Due to French victories on land against both Turkish
and British troops, the Ottoman Empire made peace with France at the Convention of El-Arish in
1800. Part of this Coalition war is the so-called War of the Oranges (1801), in which France and Spain invaded Portugal. France sought to end Portugal's trade with Britain,
and Spain sought Portuguese territory. In the Peace of Badajoz, Portugal promised to end trade with Britain, give land to Spain, and part of Brazil to France. This "Brazilian" land is the modern-day French Guiana.
This war included the battles of Cassano,
Tribbia River and Novi (early Allied victories). Following Russian withdrawal from the
war due to quarrels with Austria, the French under First Consul Bonaparte won the Battle of Marengo in 1800.
The Coalition collapsed after Austria lost the Battle of Hohenlinden in December, 1800 and
signed the Peace of Luneville in February, 1801.