Chronology of the Scythians

c. 3200 BC-3rd century AD


Chronology taken from "The World of the Scythians (by
> Renate Rolle) and "The Scythians 700-300 BC" (by Dr. E.V. Cernenko)

See also

> c. 3200 BC - Horse domesticated in southern
> c. 1500 BC- Steppes inhabited by semi-nomadic horse-breeding tribes
> 8th century BC- Land acquisition in region north of the
Black Sea.
> Scythians invading from the east drive out Cimmerians who had settled
> there.
> Early 7th century BC- Cimmerian and Scythian conquest of Urartu; Scythian
> activity in Middle East recorded in Assyrian texts
> 670's BC- Scythian king Partatua fights Assyria, marries daughter of
> Assyrian ruler Esarhaddon
> 7th-6th century BC- The Caucasus becomes the 'Scythian route' to the
> south.
> Mid-7th century BC- King Madyes leads Scythian expedition to borders of
> Egypt
> c. 652- 626 BC- period of Scythian influence in Media
> 612 BC- Medes and Scythians capture Nineveh and destroy Assyrian Empire
> Late 7th century BC- Medes drive Scythians north of Caucasus into north
> Pontic area
> c. 592 BC- The Scythian philosopher Anacharsis in Athens (as Solon's
> contemporary and debating partner).  He is later chosen as one of the
> Seven Sages of
> c. 585 BC- Scythians play a decisive part in the destruction of the
> ancient Artaic empire in
> 520/19 BC- the Persian king Darius's campaign against the Asiatic
> Scythians.  Skuka, king of the Sakas 'of the pointed helmets', is
> defeated and taken prisoner
> c. 514-512 BC- European Scythians repel Persians in Darius's invasion of
> south
Russia.  'King-in-chief' Idanthyrsus and the two  subordinate Kings
> Taxakis and Skopasis put the Persian army to flight
> End of 6th-5th century BC- Scythians recruited as police troops in
Athens.  Scythian envoys attempt to arrange a military allegiance with
> Cleomenes, King of Sparta, against the Persians
> c. 496 BC- Scythian expedition to Chersonesus in
> mid-5th century BC- Reign of King Scyles
> c. 450 BC- Herodotus visits Olbia and its environs.  His Book 4 describes
> the Scythians and their neighbors
> Second half of the 5th cenury
BC- Founding of the fortification known
> today as the Kamenskoe gorodisce.  During the ensuing period it develops
> into a complex resembling a town, with a metal-working centre and a royal
> residence
> 4th century BC-
Scythia's 'Golden Age'.  Development of a burial
> landscape near the
Dnieper rapids, with a concentration of royal graves.
> Dobruja ('
Scythia Minor') brought under Scythian domination
> c. 350 BC- beginning of Sarmatian expansion into Scythian territory.
> They gradually drive the Scythians back to the coastal areas and the
> Crimea
> 339 BC- Scytho-Macedonian war:  King Ateas, aged 90, is killed in battle
> with forces of Philip II of Macedonia, in Rumania near the Danube
> 331 or 330 BC- campaign of Zopyrion (Alexander's general and governor in
> Thrace) and unsuccessful siege of Olbia, followed by complete
> annihilation of the army by the Scythians
> 310-309 BC- Scythians defeat Caucasians at Thatis River
> End of 3rd-beginning of 2nd century BC- Scythian(?) King Saitapharnes
> threatens Olbia and is propitiated with gifts
> c. 200 BC- Scythians gradually withdraw into
> 2nd century BC- The newly-founded capital Neapolis Scythica  supersedes
> Kamenskoe gorodisce.  King Scilurus and his family are interred in the
> mausoleum at the city wall
> 110 and 107 BC- King Palacus, son of Scilurus, suffers defeats at the
> hands of Diophantes, a commander of Mithradates VI of Pontus
> 110-106 BC- Scythians defeated in Crimea by King Mithridates Eupator of
> Pontus (Bosphoran kingdom)
> From AD 9- Ovid, in exile in Tomis on the western border of Scythia,
> calls the Black Sea the 'Scythian Sea' and tells of Scythian military
> operations
> 1st century AD- continuation of a late Scythian culture, especially in
> the Crimea
> 3rd century AD- destruction of Neapolis Scythica (possibly by Ostrogoths)
> and extinction of late Scythian culture